ETD Guide:Introduction - History of ETD Activities
From DL Curriculum Project
Table of Contents: ETD Guide
1.4 History of ETD Activities
The first planning for ETDs started at a meeting in 1987 between UMI, Virginia Tech, ArborText, SoftQuad, and University of Michigan. Participants discussed the latest approaches to electronic publishing and whether or not they could be applied to the preparation of dissertations. Adobe’s Portable Document Format (PDF) became available in the early 1990s, and it became clear that with this platform, students could easily prepare their own ETDs.
In 1996 the United States funded a three-year effort to spread the concept of ETDs around the US. A pilot project at Virginia Tech led to a mandatory requirement for post-1997 theses and dissertations to be submitted only electronically. The NDLTD was formed and first ETD Conference was held in 1998. By 2000, the ETD movement had spread internationally to include thousands of university members. In 2004 the NDLTD became a 501(c)3 non-profit charitable organization and assembled its Board of Directors. The annual international ETD Symposia are now hosted around the world, guided by the NDLTD Board and hosted by local academic institutions.
Next Section: Implementing an ETD Program